Respected Sisters and
Our country Bhutan is
a multilingual, mountaneous and land-locked nation. At this hour, the country is
under the strict suppression of semi-feudalism and semi-colonialism. Bhutanese
masses are now the victims of feudalism and imperialism, specially Indian
expansionism. The Bhutanese feudal suppressor, oppressor and exploiter is only
the true enemy of the proletarian Bhutanese.
exploitation and extreme human injustice is prevailling in the country even in
this hour of 21 century which is the age of science and tee technology. Even
when there is a strong strength for human rights and freedom of expression and
speech, poor and backward people in the country are absolutely deprived of these
rights of human beings. Since there is no political and civil rights in the
country, there is no true democratic rights of the people. As a result, the
issue of the establishment of people’s democracy in the country is a significant
need of the nation today. The cruel family autocratic administration of monarch
is being fattened by the sweat, toil and blood of the people. It is not limited
here, further more, it has signed the unbalanced treaties with the Indian
expansionism thereby endangering the sovereignty and territorial integrity of
the nation. Therefore, the defence of the nation against the international
imperialism and domestic stooges is another major problem of us, the Bhutanese
The problem of the
nation of Bhutan is not only related to the foreign reactionaries but also to
the domestic ones. The internal racial problem appears to be strong in the
multi-ethnic nation. The way of racial self-governance is regarded as the
political and human right issues in the democratic world. However, Bhutan has
not guaranteed any such type of rights. For the sake of oppressing the feelings
against the racial development, thousands of people have been ruthlessly killed
by the autocratic Wangchuk regime, to persist on with the same autocratic
system; it has been continuing its severe oppressions against various racial
Now, the refugee
issue is becoming a burning problem. The international community realized the
actual violation of human rights and freedom of the Bhutanese nationals only
when hundreds of thousands of bonafide citizens were forcibly evicted from their
native land. But unfortunately evicted citizens could not get asylum in
neighbouring country India, instead the Indian government handed the victims of
autocratic regime over to the government of Nepal. In addition to this, the
issue of livelihood in a poor country like Bhutan has become a challenging
problem. Bhutan is an agro-based country. On the one hand, there is no
industrial development and on the other there is the stronghold of foreign
reactionaries in the spheres of economic resources and means of productions. Due
to the monopolistic authority of feudal lords and bureaucratic capitalism,
peasants, workers, women, merchants including various classes and communities
have been experiencing extreme economic exploitation, insufficiency. and
vulnerability as a whole.
Respected Lovers of
It is known to one
and all that the voices so long raised against the barbaric and ruthless
exploitation and oppression of the Bhutanese king could not take subjective and
concrete shape. Taking the optimum advantage of the low level of consciousness
and vast illiterate people, the sovereignty seller feudalist ruler who always
goes against the nation and the people, signed so many one-sided treaties with
the Indian expansionist. As a result, Bhutan has been pushed towards the extreme
cliff of ‘Sikkimization’.
It was well known to
the wild Nagalong administration that the people would certainly raise their
voice for the establishments of freedom and human rights. It was also known to
them that the people are the true masters of the country and they could leave no
stone unturned to wage war for their civil rights and people’s administration.
So this feudal dictatorship is daydreaming by mortgaging the sovereignty of the
nation taking the strong support of imperialists, expansionists and capitalists.
The fourth hereditary
monarch is belittling the rights of the citizens using various forms of turture
and coercive acts. He is not satisfied with the various policies followed by his
father and forefathers. So Jigme Singrne Wangchuk as a leader of a few feudal
lords showed his cruelty and prelude (introduction) by applying fascism crushing
the mass interests, finally and Jigme created refugee problem displaying the
black magic of the king and his government to the world.
The exploited people
of the country are deprived of all forms of rights including rights to travel
from one place to another part of the country. The citizens at present are
spending their lives in the streets of the second and the third countries, India
and Nepal respectively. The mass wealth of the nations is spent only within the
so-called royal family and by its nearest and dearest ones. The government of a
few has made the country a center for foreign army and converted the calm
environment into the war field. But the citizens are deprived of their
fundamental rights, rights to appeal, demand, education and culture and
awareness. Due to this boundless suppression and duress, almost all the
patriotic, democratic people and intellectuals, other poor Bhutanese and other
citizens are absolutely unhappy and disheartened. At this hour there is no other
alternative in the hands of the poor Bhutanese other than to struggle for the
establishment of people’s democracy and national independence.
We all have known
that at various periods of history and from various parts of the world,
different tribes of people came and resided in our country. Here, there are
various ethnic groups other than sharchhops Ngalong and of Nepalese Origin like
Doya, Khengpa, Brokpa, Kurtepa, Layapa and the Indians like Uraun-Munda and so
on. Among them there are aborigins like the Doya and Brokpa.
In the 13th century,
the Tibeto-Origin Ngalong entered the country. They unified all the small
kingdoms into one using ruthless force and finally the present hereditary
Wangchuk dynasty established its power. It is purely a dictatorial regime of a
few people during the course of the history. Till today, this Fascist, feudal,
family autocratic administration is swimming in the blood of the innocent
To destroy this
inhuman administration and to establish scientific socialism by accepting the
right to self-determination as a political right, all the nationals are
necessary to unite to struggle for self-government, otherwise, neither the
repartriation of the refugees, nor the establishment of democracy in the
country, nor the restoration of human rights in the country is possible to reach
the success. In this sense, the root cause of the racial, linguistic, social and
political problems in the country is no other than the present notorious
monarchial system. And the smashing of the cruel Wangchuk administration is
possible only through the peoples revolution for new democracy comprising
various racial movements for self-governance. Respected Refugee Community,
Now, we have been
deprived of the nationality right of living in our own homeland and we are in.
exile. We have been compelled to be away from the love of the soil, national
sovereignty and prestige. The question of repartriation of one lakh fifty
thousand refugee with dignity and honor and declaration of human right has
topped the environment of today. However, it has to be clearly understood that
without closing the evil chapters (key cause) of creating refugees problem, it
is impossible to do away with the refugee problem just by raising the trifling
demand of repartriation. No other means can resolve the refugee crisis except by
the establishment of democracy in Bhutan. It is widely accepted truth.
Therefore, it is necessary for all of us to step ahead in the ongoing revolution
for the ever-lasting solution of refugee problem.
Brothers and Sister,
Since Bhutan is
totally an agricultural country, the root cause of all types of problems is.
agriculture. Broadly speaking, to acquire the ownership over the land for
cultivation is the main issue of today. The revolution by the peasants and
distribution of land to landless farmers can alone solve the ages old economic,
social, educational, cultural and political problems which are hammering the
heads of innocent farmers (citizens) of Bhutan under the leadership of the
The events and the
thought change according to the change in time and convert itself into a
developed stage. Change and transformation are not only natural but they also
depend upon the level of mass consciousness. The policy and skill of political
principals play a leading role in this phenomenon. We have fresh histories of
complete shattering of thousands of time stronger power of enemy with the help
of people’s right vision, right principles of tactics, strategies and war-skill.
From Paris Commune to the Soviet Union, New democratic revolution of China to
the South Asian revolutions and from Latin American revolutions to people’s
revolution of Vietnam had bitterly forced American imperialist to kneel down. It
is in fact, the result of scientific philosophy, crystal clear ideology, right
mass line, and Revolutionary International Movement (RIM) and the worldwide
war-waging communist groups which are affiliated with the ‘RIM’ and other
revolutionary communist Parties have a leading role in it. In the context of
Bhutan, an active communist Party under dynamic leadership, following the bright
path of Marxism, Leninism and Maoism for waging the long term people’s war, for
the establishment of people’s democracy is necessary.
In the process of new
people’s Revolutionary Democracy, National independence and solution of people’s
basic and contemporary problem of livelihood- basically education, health,
business, industries, natural and human resources, problems of freedom of speech
and publication and to solve all these problems, the crisis of people’s civil
right must be solved in advance. Therefore, we appeal to the mass population of
the country to be united and to struggle for the people’s right with the
1. Bhutan Government
must declare sovereign democracy and guarantee the people’s rights and freedoms.
2. Bhutan Government
must repatriate its citizen in exile with dignity and honor.
3. Bhutan Government
must guarantee with the acceptance in principle the right to selfdetermination.
4. Following the
principle of "Land for the farmer", distribute the lands to the poor peasants
and landless farmers.
5. Bhutan Government
must fix the minimum wage of Nu 150/- per day. Also the emergency fund for the
forthcoming catastrophe, health insurance and shelter must be guaranteed.
6. Guarantee all
fundamental rights of women on equal judgement.
7. Bhutan Government
must guarantee cost-free education and employment.
democratic and employment oriented education.
9. Do away with all
the draconian laws and Acts and reconstruct new democratic laws and
10. Guarantee the
freedom of speech, press, freedom to travel within the territory of the country.
Respected Lovers of
For the establishment
of democracy and human-rights in Bhutan, a number of parties and organisation
were formed and they struggled in their own way and some of them have been still
struggling. But in conclusion, there is no solid and productive consequence of
their struggles, even though we should not suspect their struggle and
determination However, due to their wrong and illusive outlook towards sources,
causes and effects of the problems, the line of their struggles were misguided.
As a result, the problem remained as it was before. This is the age of supper
computer. Without the scientific political thought, there won’t be true solution
of any problems. The present scientific philosophy and principle is no other
than Marxism-Leninism-Maoism. Therefore being equipped with the spirit of the
guiding principle of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and following the minimum policies
and programs of the new democracy with. an aim of accomplishing the new people’s
revolution in a long term people’s war, determined to reach the final goal of
communism via socialism; we declare our great and glorious Bhutan Communist
Party at this Juncture.
At this hour of great
significance, we want to appeal to all the people that we should smash the
present age-old autocratic Wangchuk administration and replace it with the new
people’s rule, to build a new Bhutan by rallying all the justice seeking people
under the glorious red flag of the Communist Party of Bhutan with the sacrifice
of body, spirit and material. Let’s accomplish the New democratic revolution!
Working hand in hand
with the people, zeroing in on the naked family autocratic Wangchuk
administration singing the milancholy songs of the poor people basing on the
ground of people’s war, the party by the people and the party for the people,
the Communist Party of Bhutan (MLM) is the symbol of life and hope of the poor
Bhutanese and it is entirely dedicated to the people’s freedom and justice.
Totally dedicated to
the people’s revolution, without compromise, fully sacrifycing for the of blood
of martyrs, decorated with thoughts and feelings of the sons and daughters of
Bhutan, embeded in the sickle and hammer, keeping the red flag of our Party
always up and straight with a strategy of conquering the towns from villages,
leading the long term people’s war and armed revolution, our great and glorious
party is always in the interest of the Bhutanese proletariat.
Either the problem of
Diglamnamja or the refugee problems, linguistic problem or educational problems,
racial problem or territorial problems, agricultural problem or industrial
problems, employment problem or problem of genders-all these are the problems of
democracy, nationality and people’s livelihood. To find their true solution is
to find the solution of Bhutanese political instability. Therefore, we ask all
the Bhutanese farmers, students, youths, women, teachers, businessmen,
industrialists and intellectuals’ circles and entire patriotic and democratic
forces to be united and rally under the wide flag of our party, the Bhutan
Communist Party for the revolution for justice. Come on! all the exploited and
oppressed countrymen to wage ultimate war against the family autocracy and for
the freedom and justice of the coming generation through’ the new people’s
Down with! Monrarchy
Long live! Peasants’ movement of Bhutan
Long live! Our unity in the world
Long live! Proletarian internationalism
Long live! Marxism-Leninism-Maoism
Long live! Unity of all the exploited
racial and linguistic community of Bhutan
Be united! Patriotic, Democratic and
Long live! Bhutan Communist Party (MLM)
22nd April 03 Central
"Lenin Day" Bhutan
Communist Party (MLM)