Three Decades of Naxalbari!
the Struggle Against Parliamentary Politics!
High the Banner of Agrarian Revolution and
Protracted People's War!
[The Maoist Communist
Centre has its origin identified with the Naxalbari uprising and
had been part of the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist revolutionaries who
rebelled against the revisionist line that dominated the Indian
communist movement in that period. MCC is one stream of Maoists
in India who, due to disagreements regarding the process of party
building, did not join in forming the CPI(ML) in 1969 and for many
years has been carrying out armed struggle separately, mainly in
Bihar. MCC also calls for the unity of all Maoist revolutionary
forces in India under a single centre.]
Thirty years have passed since the great rebellion of Naxalbari.
The red flames of Naxalbari continue to shine still brighter only
by overcoming many complex and difficult situations. Different corners
of India resound to the slogan: “Naxalbari the Only Path”.
In the concrete conditions of India the only meaning of “Naxalbari
the Only Path” is armed agrarian revolution and protracted
people̓s war as the only path for emancipation. Raising the
slogan of “Naxalbari Zindabad” means to rebel against
the existing law and constitution, i.e. the present system, by dealing
hard blows against revisionism and going all out for building a
peoples̓ army and base areas and for the ara-wise capturing
of power by proclaiming a boycott of elections. The essence of forward
along the path of Naxalbari is to advance by applying Mao̓s
line for the concrete analysis of the concrete conditions of India
and in accordance with the uneven economic and political development
of semi-colonial and semi-feudal India. The three decades since
Naxalbari have established that no single advance in Indian revolution
is possible without Mao̓s line....
If one does not try to deny the facts of history, one has to recognize
that since the Seventh Congress of the CPI(M) in 1964, a number
of comrades (notable were Com. Kanai Chatterjee, Com. Amullya Sen
and Com. Charu Mazumdar) carried out fierce struggle against the
revisionist line of the leadership in that party. It is in the course
of the battle between these two ideologies and paths that the torch
extinguished in Telengana was rekindled in Naxalbari.... Naxalbari
was the practical expression of the revolutionary line that had
been developed through the long existent two-line struggle in the
communist movement in this country and inspired by the international
Great Debate against revisionism....
Due to differences regarding the process and method of building
the party we had decided that it would be correct not to join CPI(ML)
and later we renamed our organization (which had been known as “Chinta”
and “Dakhsin Desh” group since the beginning [of struggle
against the revisionist line in CPM in mid-̓60s — translator])
as the Maoist Communist Centre on 20 October 1969....
It is clear that, as a result of the split of CPI(ML) into numerous
groups and their practice of different lines and activities for
the last 26 years, the very fundamental line that was established
by Naxalbari faces challenges even after three decades. Under such
a situation today̓s debates over ideological and political
questions no longer stand at the same point as they did [thirty
years before — tr.]. It is not possible to determine by using
old criteria who is correct and who is wrong, and who is following
the correct line of Indian revolution and who is not. Today it is
no longer enough to have a formalistic agreement regarding the nature
of the Indian state, the friends and enemies of revolution, “armed
agrarian revolution and protracted peoples war” as the path
of revolution etc., rather the essential point is whether or not
[one] has practised these.
There is no doubt that a correct Marxist-Leninist line and a correct
Marxist-Leninist military line can only be built through the course
of struggle, and of course not isolated from struggle. This is completely
true. But this does not mean that one has to grope in the dark.
In fact it is impossible to lead revolutionary enthusiasm and the
initiative of millions of the masses and to carry forward the real
significance of Naxalbari towards a definitive goal without a systematic
line, policy, plan and method....
Today a good many are able to realize how important and urgent is
the task of uniting the genuine communist revolutionaries under
a single centre, i.e. to build a single communist party. The particularity
of the present national and international situation has helped bring
this necessity to the level of realization. Now discussions are
underway among various groups for such a unity. We too are carrying
out such discussions and will continue to do so....
In order to forge unity it is necessary to emphasize the questions
on which there exists disagreement. It is imperative to correctly
understand where the disagreements lie and to go deeply into those
questions. It is necessary to emphasize discussions not only from
the ideological and political point of view but also from the practical
point of view.
an inseparable part of the efforts for unity, highest stress must
be given to ideological and political struggle against and discussions
on “left” and “rightist”, especially rightist
line. In order to accomplish this successfully we have to clearly
identify the main questions on which rightist line is expressing
itself in words and deeds — and clearly identify the roots
of rightist ideology.
We have to keep in mind tha the opportunists never stick to the
same position. This is equally true for parliamentary capitualtionism.
They will again and again change colour and tactics. Due to this,
the struggle against their ideology is bound to be protracted....
If we are to carry forward the fundamental line established by the
great struggle of Naxalbari through a complex and difficult situation
that still prevails three decades since Naxalbari then we must carry
out resolute struggle against the above wrong tendencies. Only through
carrying out that kind of ideological and political struggle can
today̓s agrarian revolutionary red resistance struggle march
forward. In today̓s situation the most positive element is
that, in different parts of India, revolutionary struggle, i.e.
armed resistance struggles of the peasants under the leadership
of a number of communist revolutionary groups, are increasingly
developing to higher stages by combating the “encircle and
suppression” campaigns by the enemy. Most vivid of the examples
are those of Bihar, Andhra and Dandakaranya. Resistance struggles
are also advancing in many other places in West Bengal, Orissa,
Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh, etc. In these areas, especially
in Bihar, Andhra and Dandakaranya, the main target of peasant struggles
is to smash feudal power and to establish peasant̓s power....
The peasants are ... building self-defence forces, guerrilla squads
and guerrilla armies. They are using the hills and forest areas
as their base for carrying out their main activities....
can be said with much confidence that this stream of armed struggle
of Bihar, Andhra and Dandakaranya is the main stream for advancing
the Indian revolution.
On this occasion of three decades of Naxalbari, we call upon: Intensify
the struggle against parliamentary politics and capitulationsm,
hold high the banner of agrarian revolution and protracted people̓s
war. Build a genuine and single communist party unifying all the
genuine communist revolutionaries through a correct process and
us always hold high the red flag of Naxalbari by carrying out relentless
struggle against revisionism.