A WORLD TO WIN    #22   (1996)


Persevere through the Swirling Currents of the Two-Line Struggle!

In the past year, people around the world have rallied to support the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru (PCP) as it leads the People's War there in opposition to the imperialists and the Right Opportunist Line that is fighting to end the war. Meetings have been held in many countries bringing together veteran revolutionaries and forces new to Maoism; there have also been internal meetings and conferences, where the members of parties and organizations have gone more deeply into the two-line struggle, and important lessons have been drawn on the implications of this struggle for advancing preparations for People's War in their own countries. An important Regional Conference of South Asian parties and organizations in the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement (RIM) adopted a resolution signifying the high level of unity achieved against the Right Opportunist Line (see page 25). In all these forums, a key weapon has been the last issue of A World to Win 1995/21, in particular CoRIM's Call to "Rally to the Defence of Our Red Flag Flying in Peru" and the very important document prepared by the Union of Communists of Iran (Sarbedaran), "It's Right to Rebel". AWTW has come out in more languages than usual, including not only English, Spanish, Farsi and Turkish, but also French and German. This reflects the determination that broader ranks of the world's revolutionaries should be enabled to take up this battle in unity with their Peruvian brothers and sisters, who are themselves courageously pursuing the People's War under the leadership of the PCP Central Committee, in a living and powerful refutation of the pessimistic conclusions of the Right Opportunist Line (ROL).

Thus the two-line struggle is being increasingly turned into a mass school of revolution which is teaching rich lessons about matters vital to making revolution in any country, including on the dynamics and laws of People's War, on the revolutionary opportunities existing in the world today, on the nature and role of revolutionary leadership, and on the character of the party and two-line struggle within it, among many others. An article entitled "A Hard Look at the Dangers and Opportunities" (see page 26) makes use of the experience of groups and individuals from around the world who have taken part in struggle against the Right Opportunist Line. It concentrates some of the basic questions and answers that have come up in the course of this campaign, and makes the lessons from this struggle available on an even broader basis.

Maoists believe that struggle and change is permanent, and that the course of development of any process is marked by twists and turns. This two-line struggle has not been a neat and tidy affair, where the "good guys" and "bad guys" line up squarely on opposite sides and go after each other on a clear field of battle. Indeed, the Fujimori regime's attribution of the Right Opportunist Line to Chairman Gonzalo himself has made this struggle a complex and serious matter, with important elements that were unknown right from the beginning. In this context, the desertion of a leading member of the PCP Central Committee to the ROL, not long after her capture, and her claim that her change of line came about because of her conversations with Chairman Gonzalo, has given added importance to the Maoist principle that what is decisive in such struggles is the line itself, not the author. A document from the RIM Committee, entitled "Twists and Turns in the Two-Line Struggle" (see page 34), analyses this development and pointedly concludes that this is a sharp refutation of tendencies to underestimate the life-and-death character of this battle.

The swirling currents in this two-line struggle have been stirred up further by an attack on RIM by a handful of people in Europe and North America who try to wrap themselves in the mantle of the People's War. Although they are a motley crew with serious differences amongst themselves, they have united on the basis of denying the existence of the two-line struggle and insisting that it could be reduced to a "police plot". More than a year ago, the most prominent spokesman of these forces, Luis Arce Borja, editor of El Diario Inter­nacion­al, vehemently denounced RIM's determination to seriously investigate the two-line struggle before reaching a public position, in an article entitled "A Response to the 'Investigators' of RIM" (see page 78). When CoRIM published its Call in March 1995, Arce escalated his attacks further, showing that his anti-RIM offensive did not spring from misguided impatience, but reflected his deep differences with RIM's Maoist approach to the two-line struggle. At a time when supporters of the Peruvian revolution all over the world need and expect the unity of the revolutionary forces in support of the People's War and in opposition to the Right Opportunist Line, Arce and a few others have now made their central task carrying out a hysterical campaign against RIM, of which the PCP is a founding participant. A reply to Arce, "On the Maoist Conception of Two-Line Struggle" (see page 36), was originally circulated privately in hopes of not distracting attention from the fight against the ROL. It is now being published here in AWTW in an effort to clarify how Arce & Co's line departs from the Maoist understanding. Furthermore, just as the "poisonous weeds" from the Right Opportunist Line in Peru were included in the last issue of AWTW to enable readers to deepen their understanding of the two-line struggle, by way of negative example, so Arce's main attempt to refute RIM's basic approach is included here. This article, unlike Arce's later diatribes, at least has the merit of shedding light on the differences between RIM and him on some important principles of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism.

Unfortunately, Arce & Co have not confined themselves to polemics against RIM's line. Congregating on a forum in the electronic "virtual world" of the Internet, they are now seeking to launch an international organization in opposition to RIM. They attack CoRIM as "revisionist" and "the main cause of immobilism" in the effort to support the People's War and the PCP Central Committee, and declare that their new organization is the centre of "all support work" internationally for the PCP and the People's War. An article by an AWTW contributor (see page 52), "Virtual Maoism and Real Opportunism", shows that while these forces loudly proclaim their adherence to Maoism, what brings them together is their opposition to the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist line of RIM. It exposes some of the opportunist alliances that these forces are already engaged in establishing.

The extensive focus in this and the last issue of AWTW on the battle against the Right Opportunist Line in Peru reflects the truth of Lenin's observation some 80 years ago that the fight against imperialism is "a sham and humbug" if it is not linked to the fight against opportunism. It is in moments like these, when facing up to the dangers of a full-scale effort to impose a non-Maoist line on the party, that revolutionaries sharpen their own weapons and take big leaps in making revolution. CoRIM's Call to rally to the defence of the PCP Central Committee and the People's War is as urgent today as when it was issued over a year ago: It is a clarion call to rise to meet the new and unprecedented challenges facing the revolutionary detachment in Peru and, in so doing, to strengthen the ability of new detachments of the world's oppressed to rise in revolutionary war.

Resolution of the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement

The Revolutionary Internationalist Movement has, in accordance with its principles of functioning, conducted a vote of its participating parties and organizations on three important resolutions concerning the two-line struggle in the Communist Party of Peru. The following resolutions were approved unanimously:

* RIM rejects the right opportunist line of negotiating peace accords to end the People's War in Peru.

* RIM reaffirms its full support for the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru and the heroic People's War that they are leading.

* The Revolutionary Internationalist Movement endorses the Call made by CoRIM on 28 March 1995, to "Rally to the Defence of Our Red Flag Flying in Peru!"

September 1995