The state routinely
propagates that the people are forced to support the Naxalites. The media
routinely propagates that the people are ‘caught’ between the police and the
Naxalites. The actual picture is totally different. People are neither ‘forced’
nor ‘caught’. The ongoing People’s War is not something alien to them to be
forced or caught. It is very much part and parcel of their lives. The state is
no doubt aware of this fact. That is the reason why it tries to distance the
masses from the ‘hold’ of the movement.
The movement never
drifts away from the masses. The masses never drift away from the move-ment. The
increasing participation of the masses reveals the fact that the masses and the
revolut-ionary move-ment are intertwined. It is worth knowing how the people
respond to the calls of the Party and how they participate.
the People’s Guerilla Army (now PLGA), by the erstwhile CPI(ML) (PW) the
participation of the masses increased tremendously. Militias were formed in
which almost all the youth of a village became members. The militia is not a
mere organization. It is a movement. Its work ranges from normal routine works
related to the movement to taking up retaliation on their own. This apart, the
masses resist the police from arresting the leaders of their Sangh.
Let us take some
instances of people’s retaliation to get a picture of how it is a real people’s
This is an incident
in which the people protected the village leaders of the Sangh in the
Dandakaranya Special Zone,. In Ahiri area of Gadchiroli, which administratively
falls under the state of Maharashtra, forty policemen went to Ekre village to
arrest the leaders of the Sangh. Aware of this, the people hid them. The police
got mad and got hold of five old men and tortured them. The people questioned
this deed. The police said "We shall not keep quiet if you give food to the
Naxalites and put up their posters". The people asked them, "What were
you doing then? What is wrong in giving food to the Naxalites?" Apprehensive
of the people’s resistance the police left the village.
In another incident
in Michugunda village, people saved their Sangh leader from the hold of the
police. The Police came to the small village of thirteen households and tried to
arrest the Sangh leaders. The people stopped them. The police came again in two
batches. While one batch engaged the people the other left with the leaders. As
soon as they realized what happened, twenty women and men went to the police
station even before the police batch could reach. They demanded the SI. When the
police batch reached the station with the Sangh leaders, they could do nothing
but hand them over to the people. The police even had to go back on their
condition to make the leaders visit the station once a week. "Never come to
our village" said the people to the police.
People Dived into the River for
This is a heart
touching incident that took place in Andhra Pradesh. The readers are aware that
Com. Krishna, a State Committee Member, and three others drowned and were killed
in river Krishna in AP. In this tragic incident the party lost the weapons of
the comrades also. After a few days the then PGA members went to the spot in a
bid to search for the weapons.
As they were
discussing how to do it, the local people said, ‘Comrade, if you give us a
chance we shall get them to you’. The guerillas agreed. How the people searched
for the wea-pons is quite interesting to know. They got ten thin iron rods and
bent them. They cut a piece of raw wood with ten centime-ters diameter and three
and a half meters length. They tied the rods to the log, with two ropes on
either side of the log. They put the two ropes in two baskets and dropped it
into the river. It is not an easy thing to search at a depth of thirty meters in
a river with a width of fifty meters. Moreover there was mud at the bottom, two
meters deep. After two hours of hectic search they got hold of one AK 47. Later
one more AK 47 and then the .303 rifles surfaced. The guerillas were overjoyed.
Despite staying for such a long time in the water, the rifles fired well!
impossible if the people are really mobilised to actively participate in the
Let us once again go
back to Dandakaranya to see the heroic deeds of the people’s militia.
have become routine, as also the creative activity of the people’s militia. The
militia collects information about the enemy and protects the villages and the
secondary forces of the PLGA. In a way, the militia are the eyes and ears of the
In the past two years
the militia took up 275-armed actions in the DK Special Zone. Out of these, 37
were famine raids, 37 harassment acts against the enemy forces, 11 ambushes, 35
single actions, 150 sabotage actions and 5 other actions. The Militias took up
seventy percent of these on its own and the rest under the leadership of the
secondary forces of the PLGA.
In Tipragad in
Gadchiroli, the militia fired five times on a police camp and three times on the
Kodur camp. It attacked the police station in Bhamragad, Perimili and Thadki
police station in North Bastar two times each. In South Bastar it took up such
actions three times in three consecutive days.
‘Pig bombs’ are tied
to the arrow and targeted on the police with the bow. These are bombs normally
used to kill pigs in the forest. The police mistake these raids to be real ones.
They expend their ammunition, grenades, mortar shells, flairs and other such
weaponry the whole night in order to counter these ‘dummy raids’ of the militia.
In Jegurogonda in
South Bastar division of DK, two thousand people from thirty-two villages
encircled a police station under the leadership of the militia. While half of
them stopped the police from coming out, the other half destroyed the properties
of the forest department.
Eight hundred people
from thirty villages under the leadership of the militia and PLGA raided the
house of a Zamindar in Sonepur in Maad division. They seized his properties,
house and destroyed the buildings of the forest department and those of the
The enemy is baffled
with the actions of the militia. They are panicky and do not know from where
they will get hit next. They get afraid with the smallest of sounds even near
the police stations. In an attempt to get more protection, the weak police
stations are firing shots into the air through out the night. They later inform
the authorities that the Naxalites attacked them and are asking for additional
The militia in DK are
well known for their single actions. The Militias got hold of lone policemen in
Avapalli, Merthur, Gottum, Parsagad, Bijapur, Bhairangad in West Bastar
division, in Gollapalli, Kishtaram in South Bastar, and in RaoGhat, Ambeda in
North Bastar. They act when the policemen go alone to relieve themselves, or to
the latrine, or for having bath or when they go to the shanties. Also they would
act when the policemen go on a visit to their relatives. The militias observe
the movements for some days and then plan for an action. For example, in
Kondagam area of Gharaghat, they killed two police and two spies with stones. In
the past two years the militia killed one SI, one ASI, nine special police,
twelve home guards, spies and many informers. They do not simply kill, but also
seize their weapons.
The militia also
takes up ambushes on the enemy forces. In quite a number of incidents in Madded
area, Bellam Nendra in West Bastar, in Koyilabeda and Enhur in North Bastar they
got the activists and people released from the police. In Moula of Tipragad area
in Gadchiroli, militia blasted clamors on a patrolling batch going on scooters.
In this incident one ASI died and a head constable was injured.
In West Bastar, a SI
was returning with his salary from Bijapur on a motorcycle. He got down near a
bridge on a small stream and took the help of the local people to take the bike
on to the other side of the stream. The people were none else but the militia.
They did extend help to the SI. In the process they took the opportunity to kill
him and seize his pistol, two grenades and the money.
In South Bastar the
militia did an ambush in platoon formation. Two police were going on a scooter
on the road between Pamed and Thomgudem. The militia fired on them. After this
incident the enemy stopped going alone. In yet another incident the militia
blasted a mine on a police vehicle. They also did a clamor attack near a bridge
on the Thalper River in Basagudem town. The police ran with fear until they
reached the police station.
In North Bastar
militia forces ambushed the patrolling police batch as they were crossing the
river in Chota Dongar. The police batch was forced to return to the camp.
conducted sabotage actions on properties of the government and the people’s
enemies. The weapons they used were simple tools of tilling. In Kunta, Patnam
and Madded areas of South and West Bastar divisions, they destroyed the enemy
telephone and cable communication lines. On occasions of protest and bandhs they
block the roads by putting large wooden logs on the road.
On the occasion of
the third anniversary of PGA (now PLGA) around 450 militia members had an armed
demonstration with bow and arrows, axes and burmars in Godemangur in Karpe range
in West Bastar division. It inspired the local people. The number of burmars in
this demonstration was not less than 150!
Famine raids have
become part of the retaliation. With the help of the PLGA the masses are
conducting famine raids in many areas of the revolutionary movement. The acute
conditions due to decades of neglect by the government result in frequent
Ten famine raids were
conducted in Malkangiri district of Orissa. Around four hundred people raided
one private godown two times within four to five days. This not only shows the
people’s overwhelming response for this deed, but the inability of the state to
counter the mass upsurge. Totally 61 tones of rice were seized.
In Vemavaram village
of Guntur district, the PLGA was ready in an ambush positions in a paddy field,
in order to protect the people who were conducting a famine raid. The enemy
attacked the village the next day to seize back the properties. The people took
this opportunity and blasted a police jeep and killed one SI and two policemen.
There were twelve famine raids in this district in which 275 tones of rice were
seized. When the police came to the villages to attack these villages the
militia welcomed them with bombs. So not only the police, but the political
leaders and government officers also did not dare visit the areas.
In DK the people on
the border areas of Chathisgarh and AP raided the godowns of the landlords and
seized paddy. There were seventeen famine raids in North Bastar and few more in
Maad division. The adivasis seized hundreds of quintals of rice and distributed
this among themselves. On the whole 23 tones were seized in DK.