On Sept. 21, 2004, amidst the thick forests in some part of
India, the formation of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) was declared at a
public meeting before an assembly of peoples’ guerrilla fighters, party
activists and activists of mass organisations. The two parties, the Maoist
Communist Centre of India and the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist)[People’s
War] were merged to form the new unified Party, the CPI(Maoist). However, this
merger declaration has been withheld from the media for security reasons and is
now being released to the entire people of our country and the world. The
formation of this new Party has fulfilled the desires and aspirations of the
oppressed masses of the country for a genuine proletarian party that can lead
them to revolutionary change for the establishment of a new democratic society,
advancing towards socialism and communism.
This unified party has been formed after thoroughgoing
discussions held between the high level delegations of the two parties initially
and then finalized by the Joint Central Committee meeting of both the parties.
Through these thorough-going and constructive discussions, held on an equal
footing, five documents have been drafted and finalized. These documents are:
Hold High the Bright Red Banner of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, the Party
Programme, Strategy and Tactics of the Indian Revolution, the
Political Resolution on the International and Domestic Situation and
the Party Constitution.
In addition to these documents it has also been decided that
our beloved leaders and teachers of the respective parties, the late Com. Charu
Mazumdar and Com. Kanai Chatterjee, will be recognized and highlighted as the
founding leaders of the unified party. It was also decided that both these
parties, stemming from the turbulent period of the decade of the 60’s,
particularly from the great Naxalbari uprising, livingly inherited all that was
revolutionary in the long history of the Indian communist movement. The
peculiarity of the situation is that both these parties continued to flow as two
separate streams of the revolutionary communist movement, wedded to the same
cause of carrying forward the Indian revolution over the past 35 years. All
these steps taken together clearly disclosed a unified understanding on almost
all ideological and political questions of line. The line established provided a
principled basis for the unity achieved by both the parties.
Basing on this unity the Joint Central Committee meeting
finally resolved to unite the two parties into a single unified party, which
will henceforth be called as the Communist party of India (Maoist). Com.
Ganapati was unanimously elected as the general secretary of the new party.
The formation of the unified Communist Party of India
(Maoist) will certainly prove to be a new milestone in the history of the
communist movement of India. A unified Maoist party based on MLM continued to be
a long and highly cherished need of the revolutionary minded and oppressed
people of the country including all our ranks, and also all Maoist forces of
South Asia and internationally. Today this long-cherished desire and dream has
been transformed into a reality.
The new Communist Party of India (Maoist) will continue to
act as a consolidated political vanguard of the Indian proletariat.
Marxism-Leninism-Maoism will be the ideological basis guiding its thinking in
all the spheres of its activities. It will continue its struggle against right
and left deviations, particularly against revisionism, by taking this as the
main danger for the communist movement as a whole. It will still seek to unite
all genuine Maoist groups that remain outside this unified Party.
The immediate aim and programme of the Maoist party is to
carry on and complete the already ongoing and advancing New Democratic
Revolution in India as a part of the world proletarian revolution by
overthrowing the semi-colonial, semi-feudal system under the neo-colonial form
of indirect rule, exploitation and control. This revolution will remain directed
against imperialism, feudalism and comprador bureaucratic capitalism. This
revolution will be carried out and completed through armed agrarian
revolutionary war, i.e. protracted people’s war with the armed seizure of power
remaining as its central and principal task, encircling the cities from the
countryside and thereby finally capturing them. Hence the countryside as well as
the PPW (Protracted
People’s War) will remain as the "center of gravity" of the party’s work,
while urban work will be complimentary to it.
Since armed struggle will remain as the highest and main form
of struggle and the army as the main form of organization of this revolution,
hence it will continue to play a decisive role, whereas the UF will be built in
the course of armed struggle and for the seizure of power through armed
struggle. Mass organizations and mass struggles are necessary and indispensable
but their purpose is to serve the war.
We also hereby declare that the two guerilla armies of the
CPI(ML)[PW] and MCCI—the PGA and the PLGA—have been merged into the unified PLGA
(Peoples’ Liberation Guerrilla Army). Hereafter, the most urgent task i.e.
principal task of the party is to develop the unified PLGA into a full-fledged
People’s Liberation Army (PLA) and transforming the existing Guerrilla Zones
into Base Areas, thereby advancing wave upon wave towards completing the New
Democratic Revolution. The formation day of the PLGA is to be December 2, the
day when a people’s army was formed for the first time ever in our country in
2000, on the first anniversary of the martyrdom of the three CCMs, com. Shyam,
Mahesh and Murali.
Apart from this the unified party will continue to pay added
attention to building a new wave of revolutionary mass movements on various
political and other issues of the people. It will involve all the vast sections
of the masses in these struggle directed against imperialism, feudalism and the
comprador bureaucratic bourgeoisie. The vicious imperialist offensive on our
country has resulted in mass destitution of an already impoverished people,
particularly in the countryside, which has even witnessed thousands of suicides.
The CPI(Maoist) will mobilize vast sections of the masses against the growing
onslaught of the imperialists on the country, against state repression together
with mobilizing support for all the movements directed against imperialism and
The new party will also continue to support the struggle of
the nationalities for self-determination including their right to secession and
condemn the brutal state repression on these movements. It will pay special
attention in mobilizing and organizing the women masses as a mighty force of the
revolution, and will fight against all other forms of social oppression,
particularly untouchability and casteism.
It will continue to expose, isolate and defeat the more dangerous Hindu fascist
forces, while exposing all other fundamentalist forces. It will continue to do
so while keeping the edge of the people’s struggles directed against the new
Congress rulers in Delhi along with the CPI/CPM and their imperialist
It will continue to expose and resist the expansionist
designs of the Indian ruling classes along with their imperialist chieftains,
particularly the US imperialists. It will more actively stand by the side of the
Nepali people led by the CPN(Maoist), and vehemently oppose the Indian
expansionists and US imperialists from intervening in Nepal with their military
might. It will also continue to support the people’s war led by the Maoist
parties in Peru, the Philippines, Turkey and elsewhere. It will continue to
support all people’s struggles directed against imperialism and reaction. It
will also support the working class movement and other people’s movements the
world over. It will continue to stand by the side of the Iraqi and Afghan people
in their mighty struggle against the US imperialist-led aggression and
The Unified Party will continue to hold high the banner of
proletarian internationalism and will continue to contribute more forcefully in
uniting the genuine Maoist forces at the international level. Besides, it will
also establish unity with the oppressed people and nations of the whole world
and continue to fight shoulder to shoulder with them in advancing the world
proletarian revolution against imperialism and their lackeys, thereby paving the
way towards realizing socialism and then Communism on a world scale.
Thousands of our martyrs have laid down their valuable lives
for these lofty aims. The Central Committee (Provisional) of the unified
Party-CPI (Maoist) — pledges that it will continue to advance along the path
illuminated by them and thereby mobilize all its existing and latent energies in
transforming the dreams of the martyrs into a reality.
With revolutionary greetings,
Central Committee Central Committee
Maoist Communist Centre of India
CPI (M-L)[People’s War]